Instructional Design

If you are in the eLearning sector you may hear instructional design term before. But maybe you have not heard about much more things. So, let me dive deep on this article to give you more information about the instructional design.

Firstly, we can say for instructional design is giving training in a true way. When we are saying an instructional design perspective to reach people via in-class training or online training classes, there must be a checklist to create these kinds of courses. You must prepare yourself to create these courses. In this time instructional design helps us to create a great course with directions.

Let’s see some explanations about instructional design. In the academic perspective, this is the instructional design definition;

“instructional design is the creation of instructional materials. Though, this field goes beyond simply creating teaching materials, it carefully considers how students learn and what materials and methods will most effectively help individuals achieve their academic goals. The principles of instructional design consider how educational tools should be designed, created and delivered to any learning group, from grade school students to adult employees across all industry sectors.” [1]

And other sources giving this information to explain the instructional design.

“The instructional design process consists of determining the needs of the learners, defining the end goals and objectives of instruction, designing and planning assessment tasks, and designing teaching and learning activities to ensure the quality of instruction.” [2]

“Instructional Design is the art and science of creating an instructional environment and materials that will bring the learner from the state of not being able to accomplish certain tasks to the state of being able to accomplish those tasks. Instructional Design is based on theoretical and practical research in the areas of cognition, educational psychology, and problem-solving.” [3]

Sara McNeil defines the Instructional design as a:

“Process: Instructional Design is the systematic development of instructional specifications using learning and instructional theory to ensure the quality of instruction. It is the entire process of analysis of learning needs and goals and the development of a delivery system to meet those needs. It includes development of instructional materials and activities; and tryout and evaluation of all instruction and learner activities.

Discipline: Instructional Design is that branch of knowledge concerned with research and theory about instructional strategies and the process for developing and implementing those strategies.

Science: Instructional Design is the science of creating detailed specifications for the development, implementation, evaluation, and maintenance of situations that facilitate the learning of both large and small units of subject matter at all levels of complexity.

Reality: Instructional Design can start at any point in the design process. Often a glimmer of an idea is developed to give the core of an instruction situation. By the time the entire process is done the designer looks back and she or he checks to see that all parts of the “science” have been taken into account. Then the entire process is written up as if it occurred in a systematic fashion.”[4]

“The term instructional design refers to the systematic and reflective process of translating the principles of learning and instruction into plans for instructional materials, activities, information resources, and evaluation.” [5]

As you see, there many definitions of instructional design and most of them similar to each other. Because of that, we have to focus on the main issue and work on it. We want to deliver all information to the audience in a true way. We have to create our materials for our audience and we have to know our audience very well. We have to know them. We can say that preparation is the most significant part of the instructional design.

Let me share some information with the multimedia format. You will find a few videos below and all of these videos are only on this blog post in order.

What is Instructional Design?

In this video, Dr. Gardner from Franklin University explain what instructional design is to MS Degree students of Instructional Design and Performance Technology. The is 4 minutes and 46 seconds and very useful to understand out topic.

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[1] , 15/03/2019
[2] , 15/03/2019
[3] Siemens, G. (2002). Instructional design in elearning. Retrieved January, 21, 2013.
[4] Sara McNeil,
[5] Smith, P. L., & Ragan, T. J. (1999). Instructional design (2nd ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.

  • 15/03/2019